Ciriec

  • What is the weight of the social economy? How should we measure it? Throughout the world, cooperatives, non-profit and mutual benefit organizations, foundations and other social enterprises play an important role in job creation, social cohesion, social innovation, regional development and environmental protection. Observations tend to confirm the ability of the social economy to contribute to balancing economies, mainly by serving as an anti-cyclical force in the face of economic crises. However, many countries and regions lack statistical information about its weight, size and scope on their territory.This book fills a gap in the literature about the social economy. It seeks to explain why it is important to have statistics on it, to understand how they are produced, and to project how the social economy might be better understood in the future. The book offers researchers and decision-makers an overview of the current state of knowledge on these topics.
    This book is the result of the International Ciriec working group on "The Weight and Size of the Social Economy - International Perspectives for the Production of Statistics for the Social Economy" developed by the CIRIEC International Scientific Commission "Social and Cooperative Economy": http://www.ciriec.uliege.be/en/research/commission-es/themes-en-cours/theme-de-recherche-1/

  • Over thirty years, privatization of public enterprises was in the air. Before and during this period of neo-liberalism, and since the 2008 crisis, public enterprises were nonetheless created: they did what they were set up for and they frequently managed to get interesting results, as much on their public mission as regarding profitability. How is this possible? This book looks at public enterprises with new eyes.What are the emerging insights? Those public enterprises evolved a lot during those years. Their governance has been adjusted: they now respond to all kind of stakeholders, they face independent regulators and did enter complex institutional arrangements. Further, they often transformed into conglomerates active in several activity sectors and/or expanded their geographical coverage. Being frequently large-sized, public enterprises are now able to compete on international markets, while continuing delivering important services to their home community. With fifteen case studies from Europe and the Americas, knowledge on public enterprises in the 21st century is updated.
    Depuis plus de trente ans, `privatisation' se lit et s'entend chaque jour. Pourtant, avant et pendant la période du néo-libéralisme, et depuis la crise de 2008, des entreprises publiques ont vu le jour, générant des résultats probants en termes de mission de service public et de rentabilité. Comment y sont-elles parvenues ? Cet ouvrage analyse les entreprises publiques avec un nouveau regard.Que retenir de cette analyse ? Ces entreprises publiques ont fort évolué au cours de ces années. Leur gouvernance s'est ajustée vis-à-vis d'un contexte institutionnel complexe et face à diverses `parties prenantes', dont les régulateurs indépendants. Elles sont fréquemment devenues des conglomérats actifs dans plusieurs domaines, ou bien se sont étendues géographiquement. Souvent de grande taille, elles sont alors capables d'être concurrentielles sur les marchés internationaux tout en offrant des services importants à leur collectivité d'origine. 15 études de cas d'Europe et d'Amérique sont proposées pour renforcer la connaissance des entreprises publiques au 21e siècle.
    This book is the result of the International Ciriec working group on "The future of the public enterprise: mission, performance and governance" developed by the CIRIEC International Scientific Commission "Public Enterprises/Public Services": http://www.ciriec.uliege.be/en/research/commission-ep/themes-en-cours-ep/theme-recherche-4/

  • There is growing international recognition of the importance of the social economy, consisting of cooperatives, mutuals and non-profit organizations. The Social Economy provides resilience in financial crises, choice in a plural economy, greater social capital and the means for development of a more democratic and inclusive civil society. But questions remain: how best develop policies and institutions to exploit this potential? What policies have emerged? And why have they emerged in some countries and not in others? This book presents work undertaken by experts and policymakers from Europe, America and Asia under the auspices of CIRIEC's International Scientific Commission on «Social and Cooperative Economy». After a general analysis of public policies concerning the social economy, its key features, objectives and pattern of evolution, the book provides a supranational and international approach from both a European perspective (examining the policies of European bodies) and a South American perspective. This is followed by a number of national and regional analyses. The book concludes by examining the evolution, divergence and convergence of the social economy and its integration in public policy. Face à la crise, coopératives, mutuelles et associations tentent de créer du capital social et de construire une société plus démocratique et inclusive. L'Économie sociale serait-elle enfin entrée dans l'agenda politique des gouvernements ? Une vague de nouvelles lois et projets de lois d'économie sociale semblent le confirmer. Pourquoi ces politiques ont-elles émergé dans certains pays et non d'autres ? Quelles ont été leurs portée et limites ? Chercheurs et experts d'Europe, d'Amérique et d'Asie ont travaillé sous les auspices de la Commission scientifique internationale « Économie sociale et coopérative » du CIRIEC pour dresser un premier bilan international de ces questions. Cet ouvrage propose dans un premier temps une analyse générale des politiques publiques en faveur de l'Économie sociale, à la fois dans leur construction, leurs modalités, leurs objectifs et leurs évolutions. L'analyse se place ensuite dans une double perspective européenne (par l'examen des politiques des instances européennes) et latino-américaine. Enfin, des analyses nationales et régionales visent à mettre en exergue les spécificités historiques et institutionnelles.

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