Springer

  • Antarctica

    Collectif

    Sixty articles arranged in eight thematic sections refer to most recent geological and geophysical results of Antarctic research. The Precambrian of the East Antarctic shield and its geological history is considered as well as sub-ice topography, geophysics and stratigraphy, sedimentology and geophysics of the surrounding Southern Ocean. Particular emphasis is given to the connection of the Antarctic and the surrounding continents when forming part of Gondwana.

  • Micro Cogeneration

    Collectif

    • Springer
    • 16 Janvier 2006

    The electricity systems of many countries are currently undergoing a process of transformation. Market liberalization has induced major mergers and acquisitions in the electricity sector, but has also forced companies to seek out new business areas. Environmental regulations, like the Kyoto process and the European Emissions Trading Scheme, are exposing the sector to external pressure. New technologies - such as renewable energy, combined heat and power (CHP), or "clean coal" technologies - are emerging. Recent worldwide experiences with blackouts have once more put security of supply on the agenda. In Germany, the nuclear phase-out and decommissioning of outdated coal plants will lead to a need for replacement of more than one third of the current generation capacity by 2020. The need for replacement is an extremely important driving force for the current transformation, forcing conventional and new technologies to compete for a role in the future energy supply. The overall transformation of electricity systems is neither driven nor shaped by technical or societal modifications alone, but rather by a rich diversity of processes in the realms of technology, politics, society and economy.

  • Many readers will doubtless be astonished to learn that animals were being fired aloft in U.S. and Soviet research rockets in the late 1940s. In fact most people not only believe that the Russian space dog Laika was the first canine to be launched into space, but also that the high-profile, precursory Mercury flights of chimps Ham and Enos were the only primate flights conducted by the United States. In fact, both countries had sent literally dozens of animals aloft for many years prior to these events and continued to do so for many years after. Other latter-day space nations, such as France and China, would also begin to use animals in their own space research.
    Animals in Space will explain why dogs, primates, mice and other rodents were chosen and tested, at a time when dedicated scientists from both space nations were determined to establish the survivability of human subjects on both ballistic and orbital space flights. It will also recount the way this happened; the secrecy involved and the methods employed, and offer an objective analysis of how the role of animals as spaceflight test subjects not only evolved, but subsequently changed over the years in response to a public outcry led by animal activists. It will explore the ways in which animal high-altitude and space flight research impacted on space flight biomedicine and technology, and how the results - both successful and disappointing - allowed human beings to then undertake that same hazardous journey with far greater understanding and confidence.
    This book is intended as a detailed yet highly readable and balanced account of the history of animal space flights, and the resultant application of hard-won research to space technology and astrobiology.  It will undoubtedly become the ultimate authority on animal space flights.

  • With many updates and additional exercises, the second edition of this book continues to provide readers with a gentle introduction to rough path analysis and regularity structures, theories that have yielded many new insights into the analysis of stochastic differential equations, and, most recently, stochastic partial differential equations.Rough path analysis provides the means for constructing a pathwise solution theory for stochastic differential equations which, in many respects, behaves like the theory of deterministic differential equations and permits a clean break between analytical and probabilistic arguments. Together with the theory of regularity structures, it forms a robust toolbox, allowing the recovery of many classical results without having to rely on specific probabilistic properties such as adaptedness or the martingale property.Essentially self-contained, this textbook puts the emphasis on ideas and short arguments, rather than aiming for the strongest possible statements. A typical reader will have been exposed to upper undergraduate analysis and probability courses, with little more than Itô-integration against Brownian motion required for most of the text.
    From the reviews of the first edition:"Can easily be used as a support for a graduate course ... Presents in an accessible way the unique point of view of two experts who themselves have largely contributed to the theory" - Fabrice Baudouin in the Mathematical Reviews"It is easy to base a graduate course on rough paths on this ... A researcher who carefully works her way through all of the exercises will have a very good impression of the current state of the art" - Nicolas Perkowski in Zentralblatt MATH

  • Special numerical techniques are already needed to deal with n × n matrices for large n. Tensor data are of size n × n ×...× n=nd, where nd exceeds the computer memory by far. They appear for problems of high spatial dimensions. Since standard methods fail, a particular tensor calculus is needed to treat such problems. This monograph describes the methods by which tensors can be practically treated and shows how numerical operations can be performed. Applications include problems from quantum chemistry, approximation of multivariate functions, solution of partial differential equations, for example with stochastic coefficients, and more. In addition to containing corrections of the unavoidable misprints, this revised second edition includes new parts ranging from single additional statements to new subchapters. The book is mainly addressed to numerical mathematicians and researchers working with high-dimensional data. It also touches problems related to Geometric Algebra.

  • The primary aim of this monograph is to achieve part of Beilinson's program on mixed motives using Voevodsky's theories of A1-homotopy and motivic complexes. Historically, this book is the first to give a complete construction of a triangulated category of mixed motives with rational coefficients satisfying the full Grothendieck six functors formalism as well as fulfilling Beilinson's program, in particular the interpretation of rational higher Chow groups as extension groups. Apart from Voevodsky's entire work and Grothendieck's SGA4, our main sources are Gabber's work on étale cohomology and Ayoub's solution to Voevodsky's cross functors theory. We also thoroughly develop the theory of motivic complexes with integral coefficients over general bases, along the lines of Suslin and Voevodsky.
    Besides this achievement, this volume provides a complete toolkit for the study of systems of coefficients satisfying Grothendieck' six functors formalism, including Grothendieck-Verdier duality. It gives a systematic account of cohomological descent theory with an emphasis on h-descent. It formalizes morphisms of coefficient systems with a view towards realization functors and comparison results. The latter allows to understand the polymorphic nature of rational mixed motives. They can be characterized by one of the following properties: existence of transfers, universality of rational algebraic K-theory, h-descent, étale descent, orientation theory.
    This monograph is a longstanding research work of the two authors. The first three parts are written in a self-contained manner and could be accessible to graduate students with a background in algebraic geometry and homotopy theory. It is designed to be a reference work and could also be useful outside motivic homotopy theory. The last part, containing the most innovative results, assumes some knowledge of motivic homotopy theory, although precise statements and references are given.

  • The name Emmy Noether is one of the most celebrated in the history of mathematics. A brilliant algebraist and iconic figure for women in modern science, Noether exerted a strong influence on the younger mathematicians of her time and long thereafter; today, she is known worldwide as the "mother of modern algebra." Drawing on original archival material and recent research, this book follows Emmy Noether's career from her early years in Erlangen up until her tragic death in the United States. After solving a major outstanding problem in Einstein's theory of relativity, she was finally able to join the Gttingen faculty in 1919. Proving It Her Way offers a new perspective on an extraordinary career, first, by focusing on important figures in Noether's life and, second, by showing how she selflessly promoted the careers of several other talented individuals. By exploring her mathematical world, it aims to convey the personality and impact of a remarkable mathematician who literally changed the face of modern mathematics, despite the fact that, as a woman, she never held a regular professorship.

    Written for a general audience, this study uncovers the human dimensions of Noether's key relationships with a younger generation of mathematicians. Thematically, the authors took inspiration from their cooperation with the ensemble portraittheater Vienna in producing the play "Diving into Math with Emmy Noether." Four of the young mathematicians portrayed in Proving It Her Way B.L. van der Waerden, Pavel Alexandrov, Helmut Hasse, and Olga Taussky also appear in "Diving into Math."

  • http://www.numilog.com/package/extraits_pdf/9783540339816EXT.pdf

  • Faire de l'Algèbre, c'est essentiellement calculer, c'est-à-dire effectuer, sur des éléments d'un ensemble, des (< opérations algébriques n, dont l'exemple le plus connu est fourni par les (< quatre règles )) de l'arithmétique élémentaire. Ce n'est pas ici le lieu de retracer le lent processus d'abstraction progressive par lequel la notion d'opération algébrique, d'abord restreinte aux entiers naturels et aux grandeurs mesurables, a peu à peu élargi son domaine, à mesure que se généralisait parallèlement la notion de (( nombre O, jusqu'à ce que, dépassant cette dernière, elle en vînt à s'appliquer à des éléments qui n'avaient plus aucun caractère (( numérique )>, par exemple aux permutations d'un - semble (voir Note historique de chap. 1). C'est sans doute la possibilité de ces extensions successives, dans lesquelles la forme des calculs restait la même, alors que la nature des êtres mathématiques soumis à ces calculs variait considérab- ment, qui a permis de dégager peu à peu le principe directeur des mat- matiques modernes, à savoir que les êtres mathématiques, en eux-mêmes, - portent peu: ce qui compte, ce sont leurs relations (voir Livre 1). Il est certain, en tout cas, que l'Algèbre a atteint ce niveau d'abstraction bien avant les autres parties de la Mathématique, et il y a longtemps déjà qu'on s'est accoutumé à la considérer comme l'étude des opérations algébriques, indépendamment des êtres mathématiques auxquels elles sont susceptibles de s'appliquer.


  • Les Éléments de mathématique de Nicolas Bourbaki ont pour objet une présentation rigoureuse, systématique et sans prérequis des mathématiques depuis leurs fondements.

    Ce troisième volume du Livre sur les Groupes et algèbres de Lie, neuvième Livre du traité, poursuit l'étude des algèbres de Lie et leurs représentations.
    Il comprend les chapitres: 7. Sous-algèbres de Cartan, éléments réguliers; 8. Algèbres de Lie semi-simples déployées.

    Ce volume contient également un appendice sur la topologie de Zariski.
    Ce volume est une réimpression de l'édition de 1975.

  • Les Éléments de mathématique de Nicolas Bourbaki ont pour objet une présentation rigoureuse, systématique et sans prérequis des mathématiques depuis leurs fondements.

    Ce deuxième volume du Livre sur les Groupes et algèbres de Lie, neuvième Livre du traité, comprend les chapitres: 2. Algèbres de Lie libres; 3. Groupes de Lie.

    Le chapitre 2 poursuit la présentation des notions fondamentales des algèbres de Lie avec l'introduction des algèbres de Lie libres et de la série de Hausdorff.
    Le chapitre 3 est consacré aux concepts de base pour les groupes de Lies sur un corps archimédien ou ultramétrique.

    Ce volume contient également de notes historiques pour les chapitres 1 à 3.
    Ce volume est une réimpression de l'édition de 1972.

  • Les Éléments de mathématique de Nicolas Bourbaki ont pour objet une présentation rigoureuse, systématique et sans prérequis des mathématiques depuis leurs fondements.

    Ce neuvième chapitre du Livre sur les Groupes et algèbres de Lie, neuvième Livre du traité, comprend les paragraphes: §1 Algèbres de Lie compactes; §2 Tores maximaux des groupes de Lie compacts; §3 Fromes compactes des algèbres de Lie semi-simples complexes; §4 Système de raciness associé à un groupe compact; §5 Classes de conjugaison; §6 Intégration dans les groupes de Lie compacts; §7 Représentations irréductibles des groupes de Lie compacts connexes; §8 Transformation de Fourier; §9 Opération des groupes de Lie compacts sur les variétés.

    Ce volume a été publié en 1982.

  • Les Éléments de mathématique de Nicolas Bourbaki ont pour objet une présentation rigoureuse, systématique et sans prérequis des mathématiques depuis leurs fondements. Ce volume du Livre d'Algèbre commutative, septième Livre du traité, est la continuation des chapitres antérieurs. Il introduit notamment les notions de profondeur et de lissité, fondamentales en géometrie algébrique. Il se termine par l'introduction des modules dualisants et de la dualité de Grothendieck. Ce volume est paru en 1998.

  • Les Éléments de mathématique de Nicolas Bourbaki ont pour objet une présentation rigoureuse, systématique et sans prérequis des mathématiques depuis leurs fondements.
    Ce deuxième volume du Livre d'Algèbre, deuxième Livre des Éléments de mathématique, traite notamment des extensions de corps et de la théorie de Galois. Il comprend les chapitres: 4. Polynômes et fractions rationnelles; 5. Corps commutatifs; 6. Groupes et corps ordonnés; 7. Modules sur les anneaux principaux.
    Il contient également des notes historiques.
    Ce volume est une nouvelle édition parue en 1981.

  • Les Éléments de mathématique de Nicolas Bourbaki ont pour objet une présentation rigoureuse, systématique et sans prérequis des mathématiques depuis leurs fondements.

    Ce dixième chapitre du Livre d'Algèbre, deuxième Livre du traité, pose les bases du calcul homologique.

    Ce volume est a été publié en 1980.

  • Formes sesquilinéaires et formes quadratiques

    Les Éléments de mathématique de Nicolas BOURBAKI ont pour objet une présentation rigoureuse, systématique et sans prérequis des mathématiques depuis leurs fondements.

    Ce neuvième chapitre du Livre d'Algèbre, deuxième Livre du traité, est consacré aux formes quadratiques, symplectiques ou hermitiennes et aux groupes associés.

    Il contient également une note historique.

    Ce volume est une réimpression de l'édition de 1959.

  • Allemand Psychosen:

    Josef Bauml

    • Springer
    • 15 Septembre 2008

    Das blaue Buch" der Psychosen-Ratgeber von Josef Bäuml komplett neu bearbeitet
    Das Auftreten einer psychotischen Erkrankung führt immer wieder zu Sprachlosigkeit und Verunsicherung. Warum erkrankt jemand überhaupt an Schizophrenie? Welche Konsequenzen hat dies für das Leben von Patienten und Angehrigen? Welche Therapiemglichkeiten gibt es?
    Hier finden Sie die Antworten auf alle Ihre drängenden Fragen. Der Ratgeber legt besonderen Wert auf die Erläuterung der medikamentsen Therapie, ihrer Notwendigkeit und ihre Verknüpfung mit anderen Therapien.
    Einfach und verständlich geschrieben, ist das Buch ein unentbehrlicher Ratgeber für alle, die sich mit dieser Gruppe von Erkrankungen auseinander setzen müssen. Zudem dient er auch als Leitfaden für Gespräche mit professionellen Helfern.
    Neu in dieser Auflage:


    Alle wichtigen aktuellen Therapieentwicklungen der letzten Jahre


    Übersicht über die neuesten Erkenntnisse bezüglich der Ursachen von Psychosen


    Verständliche Darstellung sämtlicher Medikamentengruppen

    Der Klassiker unter den Psychiatrie-Ratgebern!

  • Composite structures and products have developed tremendously since the publication of the first edition of this work in 1986. This new edition of the now classic 1986 text has been written to educate the engineering reader in the various aspects of mechanics for using composite materials in the design and analysis of composite structures and products. Areas dealt with include manufacture, micromechanical properties, structural design, joints and bonding and a much needed introduction to composite design philosophy. Each chapter is concluded by numerous problems suitable for home assignments or examination. A solution guide is available on request from the authors.

  • About this book In the last century developments in mathematics, philosophy, physics, computer science, economics and linguistics have proven important for the development of logic. There has been an influx of new ideas, concerns, and logical systems reflecting a great variety of reasoning tasks in the sciences. This volume reflects the multi-dimensional nature of the interplay between logic and science. It presents contributions from the world's leading scholars under the following headings: - Proof, Knowledge and Computation - Truth Values beyond Bivalence - Category-Theoretic Structures - Independence, Evaluation Games, and Imperfect Information - Dialogue and Pragmatics. The contents exemplify the liveliness of modern perspectives on the philosophy of logic and mathematics and demonstrate the growth of the discipline. It describes new trends, possible developments for research and new issues not normally raised in the standard agenda of the philosophy of logic and mathematics. It transforms rigid classical partitions into a more open field for improvisation. Written for: Logicians, philosophers, specialists of Cognitive Science and Computer Science, mathematicians, linguists Keywords: Foundations of Mathematics Games Logic Philosophy Semantics

  • Attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, asperger's syndrome, and autism, to name but a few, may be viewed as points on a spectrum of developmental disabilities in which those points share features in common and possibly etiology as well, varying only in severity and in the primary anatomical region of dysfunctional activity.
    This text focuses on alterations of the normal development of the child. A working theory is presented based on what we know of the neurological and cognitive development in the context of evolution of the human species and its brain. In outlining our theory of developmental disabilities in evolutionary terms, the authors offer evidence to support the following notions: Bipedalism was the major reason for human neocortical evolution; Cognition evolved secondary and parallel to evolution of motricity; There exists an overlap of cognitive and motor symptoms; Lack of thalamo-cortical stimulation, not overstimulation, is a fundamental problem of developmental disabilities; A primary problem is dysfunctions of hemisphericity; Most conditions in this spectrum of disorders are the result of a right hemisphericity; Environment is a fundamental problem; All of these conditions are variations of the same problem; These problems are correctable; Hemisphere specific treatment is the key to success.

  • Dieses Fachbuch beschreibt nicht nur diese patentierte Entladetechnik, sondern beantwortet auch Fragen zu Tragfähigkeit, Dichtverhalten, Entladegeschwindigkeit, Zylinderansteuerung, Brückenbildung und Lawinen-Verhalten. Darauf aufbauend werden die Maschineneigenschaften der Schubbden beschrieben.

  • Viele Menschen suchen nach einfachen, aber wirksamen Methoden, um ihr Selbstmanagement zu optimieren und die Anforderungen in Beruf und Privatleben besser, gelassener oder einfach überhaupt zu meistern. Ihnen stellt der versierte Coach und Trainer Urs R. Bärtschi sein langjährig aufgebautes Erfahrungswissen zur Verfügung. Anhand von vier inneren Antreibern dem Geschäftigen, dem Konsequenten, dem Freundlichen und dem Gemütlichen bietet er dem Leser eine vergnügliche, sehr griffige Anleitung zur Spiegelung und Wahrnehmung seines inneren Teams und dessen Dialogen. Unterhaltsam erläutert er ein Verfahren, das von den individuellen Stärken und Mglichkeiten jedes Einzelnen ausgeht und konkrete, handlungsorientierte Wege zur Ausschpfung des eigenen Potenzials erffnet und gleichzeitig zur Minimierung unbewusster Selbstsabotage führt. Wer sich darauf einlässt, gewinnt mehr Gelassenheit, Sicherheit und Glück auf allen Ebenen, beruflich wie privat. Die aktuelle 3. Auflage wurde gründlich durchgesehen und kleinere Fehler korrigiert.

  • To drastically reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, the development of future internal combustion engines will be strictly linked to the development of CO2 neutral fuels (e.g. biofuels and e-fuels). This evolution implies an increase in development complexity, which needs the support of engine 3D-CFD simulations. Francesco Cupo presents approaches to accurately describe fuel characteristics and knock occurrence in SI engines, thus improving the current simulation capability in investigating alternative fuels and innovative combustion processes. The developed models are successfully used to investigate the influence of ethanol-based fuels and water injection strategies on knock occurrence and to conduct a virtual fuel design for and engine operating with the innovative SACI combustion strategy.

  • Dieses Buch bietet bunt gemischte Beiträge aus Algebra und Logik, Analysis, Geometrie, Zahlentheorie, Stochastik und vielem mehr. Die Artikel sind voneinander unabhängig und knnen in beliebiger Reihenfolge gelesen werden.
    Das Buch wendet sich an alle, die sich gerne von unterhaltsamen Kuriositäten und oft unorthodoxen Anwendungen der Mathematik überraschen lassen wollen, insbesondere auch an interessierte SchülerInnen und LehrerInnen.    

    Die einzelnen Beiträge sind sogenannte ,,Mathe-Briefe'', die zwischen 2010 und 2020 von mehr als einem Dutzend sterreichischer MathematikerInnen verfasst wurden. Die einzelnen Briefe umfassen meist wenige Seiten und entstanden auf Initiative und unter Betreuung von em. Prof.  Gilbert Helmberg (Universität Innsbruck, 19282019); sie wurden auf der Webseite der Österreichischen Mathematischen Gesellschaft (ÖMG) verffentlicht.
    Der Herausgeber:
    Georg Glaeser hat die Briefe in Buchform zusammengefasst und als Editor fungiert. Er ist Professor für Geometrie an der Universität für angewandte Kunst Wien und selbst Autor und Koautor einer Reihe von Büchern über Mathematik, Geometrie, Fotografie und Evolutionsbiologie.

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